In 1914 Lady Almina Carnarvon, wife of the 5th Earl of Carnarvon,  was aged 38. She had long tired of the year-on-year winters in Egypt. She cringed at the wretched balls of the Cairo residency and the enforced greetings to the less-than-weighty Society figures of the world that drifted through its portals, all seeking their own glimpse of the arid country‟s ancient monuments. Besides this, there was little of interest in Lord Carnarvon‟s desert campaign with Howard Carter apart from sitting under inadequate parasols in the aching sun and rubble. Almina was therefore happy to return from Egypt in April 1914; and when the season ended she was consoled that Carter and Carnarvon‟s archeological work would be halted if war broke out

When war came. Almina  craved something constructive to do. The prospect of a large number of casualties was the catalyst that gave her a notable role in that conflict  as a hospital matron. She stood bravely alongside many dozens of her fellows Peeresses from the ranks of the British aristocracy, who opened their homes to care for wounded soldiers, sailors and airmen.

Extracted from ” The Life and Secrets of Almina Carnarvon” : A candid biography of Almina, 5th Countess of Carnarvon, by William Cross, FSA Scot